Sunday, September 21, 2014

FreeBSD 10.1-BETA2 Now Available

The second BETA build of the 10.1-RELEASE release cycle is now available on the FTP servers for the amd64, armv6, i386, ia64, powerpc, powerpc64 and sparc64 architectures.

The image checksums follow are included in the original announcement email.

Installer images and memory stick images are available here.

If you notice problems you can report them through the Bugzilla PR system or on the -stable mailing list.

If you would like to use SVN to do a source based update of an existing system, use the "stable/10" branch.

A list of changes since 10.0-RELEASE are available on the stable/10 release notes page.

Changes between 10.1-BETA1 and 10.1-BETA2 include:

  • UEFI-capable memory stick images and CDROM/DVDROM images are now build by default for the 10.1-RELEASE cycle.
  • The gssapi_krb5 library is now included in the gssapi(3) build.
  • The default motd(5) text has been changed to clarify the included information and including references to additional resources.
  • A potential crash in ctld(8) has been fixed when a getaddrinfo(3) call fails.
  • Fix Denial of Service in TCP packet processing.  [SA-14:19.tcp]
  • Support for Promise TX8660 8-port 3Gbps HBA has been added.
  • A crash in clang(1) triggered by debuginfo has been fixed.
  • The kern.features sysctl(8) will now report if SCTP is available in the running kernel.
  • Parsing IPv6 nameserver lines in unbound(8) has been fixed.
  • A crash in pam(3) has been fixed if neither PAM_RHOST or PAM_TTY are set.
  • Several bug fixes and improvements to the vt(4) driver have been merged from FreeBSD-Current.
  • The bsdinstall(8) screen prompting if the user would like to use a chroot(8) shell within the newly-installed system for further configuration now defaults to 'No.'
  • Several optimizations to the math(3) library have been merged, including new implementations for C99 functions expl(), coshl(), sinhl(), tanhl(), erfl() and erfcl().
Pre-installed virtual machine images for 10.1-BETA2 are also available for amd64 and i386 architectures.  The images are located here.

The disk images are available in QCOW2, VHD, VMDK, and raw disk image formats.  The image download size is approximately 135 MB, which decompress to a 20GB sparse image.

The partition layout is:
  • 512k - freebsd-boot GPT partition type (bootfs GPT label)
  • 1GB  - freebsd-swap GPT partition type (swapfs GPT label)
  • ~17GB - freebsd-ufs GPT partition type (rootfs GPT label)
To install packages from the dvd1.iso installer, create and mount the /dist directory:

# mkdir -p /dist
# mount -t cd9660 /dev/cd0 /dist

Next, install pkg(8) from the DVD:

# env REPOS_DIR=/dist/packages/repos pkg add \

At this point, pkg-add(8) can be used to install additional packages from the DVD.  Please note, the REPOS_DIR environment variable should be used each time using the DVD as the package repository, otherwise conflicts with packages from the upstream mirrors may occur when they are fetched.  For example, to install the Subversion, Gnome, and Xorg, run:

# env REPOS_DIR=/dist/packages/repos pkg install \
  xorg-server xorg gnome2 [...]

The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of amd64 and i386 systems running earlier FreeBSD releases.  Systems running earlier
FreeBSD releases can upgrade as follows:

# freebsd-update upgrade -r 10.1-BETA2

During this process, freebsd-update(8) may ask the user to help by merging some configuration files or by confirming that the automatically
performed merging was done correctly.

# freebsd-update install

The system must be rebooted with the newly installed kernel before continuing.

# shutdown -r now

After rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to install the new userland components:

# freebsd-update install
It is recommended to rebuild and install all applications if possible, especially if upgrading from an earlier FreeBSD release, for example,
FreeBSD 8.x.  Alternatively, the user can install misc/compat9x and other compatibility libraries, afterwards the system must be rebooted
into the new userland:

# shutdown -r now

Finally, after rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to remove stale files:

# freebsd-update install

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